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Capstone Projects

Sustainability- Nose to Tail, Root to Leaf, Sustainable Fish and more

Fri, 04/29/2022 - 18:47
Abstract: The topic of my findings in this research is all about sustainability – where our food comes from, who makes it, and how we as a society can make a difference in the world, a positive one, rather than continue destroying our environment. When you’re inside or outside of a kitchen, reducing the carbon footprint is very important and can happen while we are working. I hope that my findings can inspire you to rethink your current actions, and how you can do more to promote sustainability. These findings greatly influenced my capstone, with concepts such as root to leaf, nose to tail, my own cultural influences, as well as composting and sustainable fishing practices.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2022
File Attachments: Angela Flores_ Capstone.pdf
Authors: Angela Flores

Fusion Cuisine

Mon, 05/02/2022 - 12:35
Abstract: Fusion cuisine has become popular in today's modernized society. This cuisine combines different culinary traditions that originate from different countries, regions, or cultures. Due to more local fresh produce and the availability of Asian spices, many chefs are combining diverse cultures to create some unique dishes. This fad has become an ongoing trend in many different restaurants all over the world, and it appears to be here to stay. From home cooks to master chefs every person has experienced fusion cuisine before. Finding a way to incorporate different styles and flavors can be challenging, but the quality of your dishes can be worth it. 
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Literary Rights: On
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2022
Authors: Jeree Cain

25 Year Bengal Fox (Vulpes bengalensis) Management Plan for Karnataka, India

Tue, 04/26/2022 - 11:18
Abstract: Bengal foxes (Vulpes bengalensis) are a small canid endemic to India and adjacent regions. They are opportunistic omnivores, consuming a wide variety of food-items which may vary in abundance seasonally and/or spatially. Conservation issues of primary concern include habitat loss, habitat degradation, poaching, and outbreaks of enzootic diseases. Space needed to accommodate the growing human population as well as increases in agricultural and industrial output has led to encroachment of humans onto Bengal fox habitat. This management plan aims to increase Bengal fox populations within Karnataka, India to ~10,000 individuals to allow grazing and development practices to continue. Objectives to reach this goal include estimating and mapping habitat suitability in Karnataka, performing a mark-recapture study to gain information on population dynamics, providing public education on Bengal fox conservation to residents and ecotourists, and increasing the survivorship of pup and juvenile age classes. To estimate habitat suitability, vegetation will need to be surveyed throughout Karnataka using a series of randomly generated plots. Measurements of habitat suitability will be compiled in a map utilizing ArcGIS which will help locate areas with potentially high Bengal fox densities. A mark-recapture study will be executed to gain knowledge on survivorship of the Bengal fox population in Karnataka. A Cormack-Jolly-Seber Model will be utilized to interpret survivorship of the Bengal fox population following the mark-recapture study. Data on current Bengal fox population dynamics is lacking from the literature and is necessary for the needs of this management plan as well as future studies on Bengal foxes. Public education of Bengal fox conservation will take place in public schools and various ecotourist destinations to help identify uncertainties and biases in knowledge. The distribution of surveys will evaluate public awareness and perceptions of Bengal fox conservation needs in Karnataka after public education initiatives have been implemented for multiple years. Community support and involvement will be crucial in minimizing poaching events and overgrazing of Karnataka’s grasslands. Survivorship of pup and juvenile age classes will be increased through the restoration of habitat, discontinuation of overgrazing, and declaration of Karnataka as a “Closed Area”. Local communities will qualify for incentives gained from revenues of localized protected areas to discontinue harmful grazing practices and allow habitat restoration to occur on their lands. By declaring Karnataka, a “Closed Area”, hunting of local wildlife species would be banned but development projects and overgrazing practices could continue. Therefore, public support of this management plan must be gained for conservation to be successful. Implementation of this management plan will potentially raise the Bengal fox population of Karnataka, India to ~10,000 individuals for the benefit of their ecosystem and the local ecotourism industry.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2022
Authors: Damon M. Emerson

Forest Health Assessment: Kate Mountain Farm

Fri, 07/08/2022 - 11:17
Abstract: Disturbances that degrade forested ecosystems can have significant impacts on forest health. These impacts should be of great concern for forest landowners. Natural disturbances such as insect and disease agents, and human caused disturbances such as logging, soil compaction, and pollution can have substantial economic and environmental impacts. It is of great importance for landowners to be given the right knowledge and tools to deal with these disturbances in order to avoid any large-scale losses of timber productivity, degraded water yields, depleted nutrient cycling, and/or decreased biodiversity. Forestland can provide many harvestable natural resources and ecosystem services for very long periods of time if they are managed sustainably and responsibly. This of course entails a forest being composed of healthy thriving trees.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Biology, Environmental Sciences, Forestry
Year: 2021
Authors: Matthew R. Wedge, Erin Reilly

Plant-Based Capstone

Sun, 04/18/2021 - 20:10
Abstract: Plant-based options have been around for centuries. Although it has been a very slow rise in popularity, until now. It seems like this day and age everyone is looking for a healthier alternative and with that being said. Having a diet that is derived from plant-based products have been a huge go-to. “In the 1980s, Dr. T. Colin Campbell introduced the world of nutrition science to the term “plant-based diet” to define a low fat, high fiber, vegetable-based diet that focused on health and not ethics (healthline) There are so many options available within the markets and so many products to choose from whether that be a lentil salad or even tofu bacon. There is so many things that have been created and that have been lifted because of the plant-based movements. Many people are starting to realize how big of an impact the plant-based movement has had on other people and it then causes those people that see the successes of other to want to try it out for themselves. This movement even dates back to our early ancestors. It has been a practice that has always been talked about and in fact has been a huge factor in other countries diets because of what is available to them and their beliefs that they have within religion. There is just so much history behind these plant-based diets. There are so many different diets to choose from at that. It’s not just one strict diet where you can only eat plants. People have the availability to also eat fish, legumes, and so many other options to ensure that they get all the key nutrients to ensure their bodies perform the way they should. You can even see star athletes starting to follow the trend of going to a plant-based diet and trying to determine how they perform without having to use animal products to recover from their training sessions. There are many chef’s around the area that see the true qualities of going plant-based because they get the chance to work with all this amazing produce and see the true beauty behind the movement. You also see many restaurants, fast food chains and many other business’s that are starting to follow this trend because they know that it is going to be a big part of our lives here in the continuing future. These plant-based diets are just going to continue to grow larger and larger. Just like it has throughout history, with all the traditions within different cultures and religious ceremonies. This trend is on an uphill spiral and I don’t see it stopping anytime soon.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2021
Authors: Cody Young

Umami

Sat, 04/17/2021 - 08:19
Abstract: Since the beginning of humanity, our kind has been curious on how to create stimulatingly interesting cuisine. At earlier nomadic times and even before our ancestors savored parts of animals, plants and beverages such as alcohol. But why? This is the question we will analyze in depth in hopes to contribute a deep understanding of our complex sense of flavor. We know that we have taste senses. These include sweet, salty, sour and bitter. It is often that professionals and home cooks try to pair sweet and salty, sour and bitter and other combinations to create dimension and interest in varying foods. For example, sweet and sour chicken. Or take sour patch kids, bitter and sour. For some reason, these combinations keep us craving more. We begin discovering and learning how to taste at an early age deciding which foods are tasty and which foods aren’t so delicious. But how? How do we just know what is good and what isn’t good? The answer is we begin the process with learning that milk is good for us. Yes, this process begins as soon as an infant feeds off their mother in the form of breast milk. This is the beginning of us deciding between flavors we like and even deeper, know are nutritious or not so nutritious. The Pharmaceutical Journal writes “Their first neurological inputs come from molecular receptors for specific molecules in milk. A baby’s expression of taste is therefore a perceptual experience of nutrients and other chemicals”. There are receptors that line all the digestive track starting at the tongue, working down into the throat, the stomach and to the colon. Humans are said to have a digestive advantage because our mouths contain “multiple copy polymorphism of the salivary amylase gene” (Michie). Amylase is mainly created by the pancreas and salivary glands. The job of amylase is to break down starch molecules. This process turns complex carbohydrates into simple sugars that can be used as energy in the body (Akinfemiwa). It is suggested that because the human race has an innate ability to digest these starches earlier, we develop a sweet taste when consuming starches. From this early discovery we tend to crave sweeter foods and sources of nutrition when we’re younger in the form of higher sugar content and glutamate.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2021
File Attachments: Umami Paper Library.docx
Authors: Colby D. Moore

Sustainability and Source

Fri, 07/08/2022 - 11:09
Abstract: Sustainability surrounding food has been around for some time now. In different shapes and forms and has changed over the course of its existence. The topic I am discussing today is where does your food come from and how does it get to you. I will be educating you on the history of sustainability, the source of your food, and the process of how it goes from where it is grown to you as the consumer. I will also be discussing the opinion of people caring about knowing where their food comes from and if that affects where they buy their food.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2021
Authors: Sabrina Johnson

Black Ash

Mon, 07/18/2022 - 10:19
Abstract: The summary of my project was to find other risks other than the emerald ash borer that are affecting the Black Ash tree species.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Environmental Sciences, Natural Resources Conservation and Management
Year: 2021
Authors: Richard Holton

50-Year Management Plan for the Pink Fairy Armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncates) in Argentina

Thu, 07/07/2022 - 15:29
Abstract: The Pink Fairy Armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncates) is a fossorial species endemic to Central Argentina. They can be observed between 0 m to 1,500 m above sea level. This species weighs about .12kg and is about 13cm long. Unlike other armadillos, the carapace of this species is held to its body by a thin membrane instead of spinal fusion with the carapace. Due to lack of data about this species a max lifespan is assumed to be about 4 years in captivity. Conservation issues for this species span from sociocultural to economic. Sociocultural tradition of Argentinian natives have been reported to impact armadillos in the wild. The Wichís and Mestizos are two native groups who actively participate in the hunting of armadillos for sustenance. About 50% of people partaking in the illegal sale of armadillos made less than minimum wage. Due to these potential threats to the Pink Fairy Armadillo the overall goal of this management plan is to obtain stable populations of this species across their range. This will be accomplished through several objectives. Due to the data deficient nature of this species peer reviewed articles will be produced on the Pink Fairy Armadillos ecology. Topics such as current populations, disease prevalence, and cover preferences. These actions will be accomplished through camera trapping individuals in monitoring efforts, PIT (Passive Integrated Transponder) tagging, and radio-transmitters will be implanted in in order to track individuals throughout their life spans and to complete actions such as vaccinations. Increasing adult survivorship will be the second way the overall goal is accomplished. Using current surrogate data, the projected population will be extinct in approximately 40 years without intervention. An increase of 13.7% to adult survivorship will bring the population to a stable level. This will be done by vaccinating against diseases observed to exist in the population after assessment as to build immunity and help increase the current population. The final objective is to increase public awareness. This will be accomplished through a survey initially distributed to the public for initial feedback. Various workshops will be constructed and brought to various villages to increase rural and native peoples about this armadillo and why they are important. At the end of the assigned timeline a closing survey will be sent to villages to assess the success of the outreach efforts. At the close of this management plan, gained knowledge will be used to further our knowledge of this species.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2021
Authors: Kyla Kaczowski

Twenty-Year Management Plan for Gray Tree Frogs (Dryophytes versicolor) in New York State

Thu, 07/07/2022 - 15:58
Abstract: The gray tree frog (Dryophytes versicolor) is an unprotected and understudied tree frog native to the East Coast of North America. New York State does not have a management plan for this species, and it does not have any protected status. Gray tree frogs are key predators and prey in their ecosystem. They are found from Southeastern Canada to Northern Florida and from the East Coast into Texas. Due to the adults arboreal habitat, there is not high-quality population data available in New York. Conservation concerns include human frog habitat conflict, the lethal fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), and clear cutting forests. This management plans goal is to increase the adult population in New York State. The objectives to reach this goal are, over five years, to calculate the population size and range of adult gray tree frogs across all of New York State. Decrease human conflicts with gray tree frogs in residential areas by 75% over five years. Lastly, decrease the rate of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) infection and death in gray tree frogs by 50% over two years in the whole population range. Calculating the adult population size using mark and recapture using hand nets will allow for accurate execution of this management plan, identify locations where densities are high and additional research can occur. Using surveys and population density information, an educational program can be directed to areas where humans will have habitat conflicts with gray tree frogs. With the use of informational flyers and workshops, the public will be able to settle the conflicts in ways that do not include killing the frogs. Studying the effect of Bd on gray tree frogs will help calculate how detrimental Bd is to gray tree frog populations. It will also further other management plans to accurately manage gray tree frogs in areas where the fungus is also present. With the successful implementation of this management plan, information will be gained about an understudied species, and the adult population will be increases.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2021
Authors: Jacob Cleinman