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Capstone Projects

Reinvigoration of the Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve: Stakeholder Perceptions

Tue, 05/08/2018 - 15:02
Abstract: The Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve (CABR) was designated by the United Nations in 1989. This reserve spans the entire Adirondack Park, and includes the Lake Champlain Valley in Vermont as well. Biosphere reserves focus on conservation at a global level, and use international knowledge from lessons learned to best benefit each specific biosphere. Although CABR was designated in 1989, it became classified as inactive soon after. In 2016, Brian Houseal, Director of SUNY's College of Environmental Science and Forestry Newcomb Campus, prepared a periodic report to UNESCO on CABRs current status. The goal of this research was to determine the probability of stakeholder support to bring CABR out of inactivity, almost 20 years after it was designated originally. The research performed focused on stakeholders’ awareness and perceptions of the CABR, along with past indications of concerns and resistance among local residents. The research addresses this deficit and identifies and clarifies our representative’s samples perceptions of the designation. The research revealed that land use rights were still the major concern. The research revealed that this was still a concern because there is still a major lack of information on the CABR land classifications/land use rights. Information on CABR was concluded to be one of the largest challenges at this time. This research revealed that 68% of the residents were unaware of CABR until the periodic review was published in 2016, and over 40% of the residents had no idea what CABR was until they received an invite to come to the focus group.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Arboriculture and Landscape Management, Parks and Conservation Management
Year: 2018
File Attachments: Coolidge Capstone 2018.docx
Authors: Nicholas Coolidge

A Comparison of Winter Wildlife Use of Minimally, Moderately and Highly Impacted Shorelines on Lower St. Regis Lake and Black Pond in the Adirondack Park, NY

Wed, 05/09/2018 - 10:51
Abstract: Continued development and human interference with freshwater shorelines creates a degraded environment and can negatively affect native wildlife along impacted areas. Throughout the Adirondack Park, shorelines have experienced substantial degradation with the development of lakeside summer homes. There tends to be a strong preference for the aesthetics that lakes offer, as well as the numerous recreational opportunities they provide. The increased human use of shorelines and the development of anthropogenic structures has directly resulted in the degradation of shorelines in the Adirondack Park. Likewise, the Paul Smith’s College shoreline along Lower St. Regis Lake has been subjected to degradation throughout the history of the campus. This highly impacted site was selected, alongside minimally and moderately impacted sites in the surrounding areas as representatives for different impact levels. Shoreline degradation includes a decline in the health and presence of natural vegetation, creating a decrease in available food source for native wildlife. The removal of natural vegetation creates a decline in shoreline stability with the removal of root systems, allowing for greater amounts of erosion to occur. Additionally, degradation decreases available canopy cover and increases exposure of wildlife to predation. The objective of this study was to determine the difference in wildlife activity and diversity between three levels of shoreline impacts: minimal, moderate, and high. It was expected that the minimally and moderately impacted shoreline sites would show a greater diversity and abundance of wildlife than highly impacted shorelines. Trail camera data was analyzed at three sites for each treatment on Paul Smith’s College property, along both the Lower St. Regis Lake and Black Pond. Although we detected no significant differences in either activity or diversity across the treatments, there was higher relative activity and diversity in moderately impacted shorelines than minimally or highly impacted. However, wildlife species that are more rare and/or area-sensitive, such as the fisher (Martes pennanti) and American marten (Martes americana), were only detected in the minimally impacted shorelines of Black Pond. A restoration of the highly impacted shoreline to reflect minimally and non-impacted shorelines of the surrounding region would allow for opportunities to improve habitat for native wildlife species.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Biology, Ecological Restoration, Environmental Sciences
Year: 2018
File Attachments: Shoreline Restoration
Authors: Tessa White, Caroline Matuck, Kasey Lane, Rosemary Bloodnick, Kyle Pasanen, Annalee Kraai

Effects of Silvicultural Treatments on Wildlife Communities at the Paul Smith's College Forest Research Demonstration Areas

Fri, 05/11/2018 - 16:15
Abstract: Logging has drastically altered North American forest ecosystems for centuries. While extensive studies have been done to determine the impacts of different silvicultural practices on plant communities, minimal research has evaluated the impacts on wildlife communities, particularly in the Adirondack Mountains. Silvicultural practices may significantly impact wildlife communities due to the disturbances it causes, as well as the way it alters the habitat. We monitored winter wildlife communities in the Forest Ecosystem Research Demonstration Area owned by Paul Smith’s College in the Northern Adirondack Park. By analyzing the data collected by trail cameras, tracks and measuring percent browse, we compared the abundance and diversity of wildlife in three silvicultural treatments (i.e., clearcut, group selection, control). We also collected data regarding the physical aspects of the silvicultural treatment plot (i.e. canopy cover and snow depth) to indicate the kind of available habitat. We found that despite there being the highest average relative activity in group selection, there is no significant relationship between average relative activity and harvest treatment type. Using the Shannon-Weiner Diversity Index, we found that the highest diversity was in control/reference. Due to our limited treatment sample size, we did not have conclusive findings in most areas of our study. However, the highest total tracks and relative activity were found in the clearcuts. We suggest that more research be done on this study in order to eventually make forest management plans that properly account for both plant and wildlife species.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Biology, Environmental Sciences, Natural Resources Conservation and Management
Year: 2018
Authors: Jacob Adams, Caitlin De Bellis, Tyler Fisk, Hyla Howe, Mark McHugh, Daniel Sutch

Quick Key

Mon, 04/23/2012 - 09:23
Abstract: Various forms of technologies are used to check in and out of hotels. The purpose of this research is to determine if high technology supported properties differ from traditional properties in terms of roles and responsibilities for front of the house personnel for managers of business properties. The study will explore how and to what extent new automated processes at hotels affect the roles and responsibilities for front of the house personnel and if different skills are needed between properties that use traditional and automated procedures. Due to the exploratory nature of the study qualitative methods will be used, using the high technology property chain, Club Quarters. The method that will be used is both an electronic survey and telephonic interview, having multiple front office managers at different Club Quarters sites fill out a questionnaire with both multiple choice and open ended questions; and answer questions from a telephonic interview regarding the roles and responsibilities of front house personnel. The data that will be collected from the front of the house management will be used to conclude if the data collected shows that the roles and responsibilities of front of the house personnel differs from traditional to high technology; and if additional training requirements are needed. The results of the research will be shared with participants as informational only. Data will be collected from multiple properties, using various Club Quarters sites from inn the United States. Focus areas of information will be captured by asking specific questions of management that will include background of hotel, job descriptions, and training requirements. Front end management was chosen to fill out the surveys as they have the day to day oversight and will be able to answer the questions honestly and have the knowledge to do so.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Hotel, Resort and Tourism Management
Year: 2012
Authors: Robert Van de Wal

Generation Y's Eating Habits

Mon, 04/23/2012 - 12:16
Abstract: The upcoming generation, Generation Y, eats in a different way than any generation before. This study seeks to determine how influential global flavors, customized foods, nutritious foods, and restaurant operating hours are to Generation Y’s choice selection in restaurants. Whether or not restaurants are prepared for Generation Y, and are implementing these growing trends into their menus, were also studied. Results were gathered from Gen Y’s through the use of a survey, distributed through Facebook and the Paul Smith’s College Email. Results from restaurants were gathered through an online survey, which was sent to fifteen restaurant professionals in the area. These results were then used to conclude how influential Generation Y’s eating habits are on the restaurant industry, as the Generation comes of age.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Hotel, Resort and Tourism Management
Year: 2012
Authors: Brittney King

Healthy Spaces, Healing Places: An exploratory study of health and wellness terminology and traveler perceptions.

Mon, 04/23/2012 - 12:19
Abstract: Health and wellness tourism is driving destination development in the hotel industry yet little has been written on the perceptions of potential travelers on health and wellness as separate product and service offerings. Health and wellness properties in the United States often market their products and services interchangeably without acknowledging the difference between the health product experience and the wellness product experience. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore customer perceptions of the health travel product separate from the wellness travel product as compared to the accepted definition of Europe’s health and wellness market segments. A semi-structured survey was designed to measure and compare customer perceptions of the attributes of a health and wellness product and/or services experience and to define what health and wellness. The outcome of this study can be used by hospitality properties seeking to market more specifically to health or wellness at their property.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Hotel, Resort and Tourism Management
Year: 2012
File Attachments: BBOYCE_FINAL CAPSTONE.doc
Authors: Bethany Boyce

Vine to Table: A Study of Millennial Consumers' Quality Perception of Wine on Tap

Mon, 04/23/2012 - 13:11
Abstract: There is a trend present in the wine industry for restaurant and bar establishments to use wine kegs to serve their wines by the glass through a draft system accompanied by a growing consumption rate of wine drinkers in the millennial generation. Restaurant and bar establishments need to recognize the growing consumption of wines by the glass in the millennial generational cohort because they are the future of industry trends. This exploratory study sought to determine to what extent millennial consumers’ perception of the wine quality is affected by keg packaging. An online survey was administered to millennial consumers to help such establishments understand the acceptability of wine keg draft systems for their growing market demographic through statistical data that was collected.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Hotel, Resort and Tourism Management
Year: 2012
File Attachments: WALLACE FINAL CAPSTONE.doc
Authors: Alexis Wallace

“I’m a server, not a doctor. You’re allergic to what?” The need for expansion of food allergy training practices within the food service industry specifically focused on front of the house employees.

Mon, 04/23/2012 - 14:18
Abstract: The number of food allergy sufferers in the United States has dramatically increased in the last 15 years. It is estimated that approximately 15 million individuals in the United States have food related allergies; of that 15 million, an estimated 6 million are children. Due to the high percentage of customers with food related allergies, the restaurant industry has been forced to adjust to the needs of clientele to maintain a diverse customer base. This study seeks to determine if a food allergy training course should be instituted in the food service industry. Survey data will be gathered from restaurants in the Lake Placid/Saranac Lake region of New York to determine current training policies, level of knowledge, and communication procedures. Furthermore, the study will investigate if a food allergy training course is present at each restaurant surveyed. If not, the level of training staff have and overall knowledge regarding food allergies will also be examined. The results will then be compiled to generate a report of recommendations regarding the need for a food allergy training course and the information that should be considered within the course. The goal of this project is to ensure sufficient education for restaurant staff, providing exceptional service and safety for all clients.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Hotel, Resort and Tourism Management
Year: 2012
File Attachments: O'REILLY FINAL CAPSTONE.doc
Authors: Ashley O'Reilly

Beyond The Links: A Study of Golf Tourism Amenities

Mon, 04/23/2012 - 19:48
Abstract: Golf tourism is a continually growing trend within the golf industry. This capstone determined to what extent amenities play a factor in the choosing of destinations by golf tourists, this relational study will explain the possible relationship between amenities and choice of destination by golf tourists. The availability of amenities relates to tourist choices of vacation destination for golf tourists was determined by this capstone. Data was collected through online surveys distributed to golf tourists. The activity that this study included was surveying and data collection. The data that was collected returned in the form of scales which will make for easier data analysis. This study has yielded data that would be useful for many communities around the country that have a golf aspect to their economy. Some possible organizations that could use the data that this study attains would be organizations like chambers of commerce in areas with golf courses and golf tourists.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Hotel, Resort and Tourism Management
Year: 2012
File Attachments: JDILLON FINAL CAPSTONE.docx
Authors: John Dillon

Managing Technology: A look into hoteliers’ use of current technological trends.

Mon, 04/23/2012 - 21:09
Abstract: The speed at which technology is evolving has led to industry changes across the world. Changes in the hotel industry have influenced the lodging experience for leisure and business travelers. Hoteliers are faced with the expectation of providing an ‘at home’ or ‘in the office’ experience while optimizing their design to provide the technological comforts that have become standard in a lodging experience. The purpose of this study is to analyze the difference between manager’s technological offerings and current lodging technological trends. The managers will be selected and interviewed to gauge the importance of technology trends, their implication, and their future— while keeping the consumer in mind to provide a high quality lodging product. With the tabulation and analysis of this data one will be able to judge the demand for cutting edge technology and make observations about future trends in the lodging industry.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Hotel, Resort and Tourism Management
Year: 2012
File Attachments: BEATTIE FINAL CAPSTONE.docx
Authors: Lauren Beattie