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Capstone Projects

A.P. Smith Rod and Gun Club-Workshop Curriculum

Thu, 07/07/2022 - 14:37
Abstract: A report centered around outdoor education workshops to be hosted by a proposed Fishing and Shooting Club. Pertaining to lesson plans centered around Trap Shooting, Bushcrafting, and Fishing. The use of the Kinesthetic Learning Model is heavily put to use in developing this curriculum.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Ecological Restoration, Forestry, Natural Resources Conservation and Management, Recreations, Adventure Travel and Ecotourism, Recreation, Adventure Education and Leisure Management
Year: 2021
Authors: Eoghan Walsh, Daniel Klein, Drew Gleason, Kassie Kirkum, Erin Byrant

A.P. Smith's Rod & Gun Club Trap Field Design

Thu, 07/07/2022 - 13:06
Abstract: Modern trap shooting has retained many of these concepts but now uses an oscillating target-throwing machine that rests in a trap house and uses clay targets instead of costly glass balls. The clay target was invented and patented in 1880 by George Ligowsky of the U.S. The design was a small dome shaped saucer. The machine throws a clay target somewhere within a 22-degree arc. The shooter does not know the angle it will be thrown until it comes out of the machine and into view. The modern game also does not include a fence that the target needs to be shot inside and only allows one shot. Many improvements have come to the clay target as the clay was baked hard and difficult to break with the 1.25 oz shots that was used at the time. In 1888, Corgell and Harrison created targets that were made of lime and pitch which is still seen some today, but a more biodegradable pigeon has been called desired. Some new innovations for these pigeons have included using sugar, birdseed or grain, and water. A trap range make sense for a variety of reasons on the Onchiota property. One there are no ranges in close proximity to the college and the closest being in Long Lake, NY. There is also a high demand in the area. With the trap range at the Saranac Lake Fish and Game Club being forced to shut down in the recent years due to lead ammunition contaminants and clay target remnants being projected into the Saranac River, leaves a hole in the surrounding community. Also, one of the main attractions to Rod & Gun clubs are trap ranges.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Forestry, Natural Resources Conservation and Management, Recreations, Adventure Travel and Ecotourism
Year: 2021
Authors: Drew Gleason, Kassie Kirkum, Erin Bryant, Eoghan Walsh, Daniel Klein

Alumni Campground ADA Accessible Lean-to: Group Project Synthesis

Thu, 07/07/2022 - 12:58
Abstract: The traditional lean-to is arguably one of the most prominent and recognizable infrastructural staples of the Adirondack Park. Lean-to camping was popularized here in the Adirondacks, but has spread all over as parks around the continent have adopted lean-tos into their camping experiences. The lean-to provides a unique outdoor experience, with a healthy balance of exposure to and protection from the elements. It is an ideal camp design for regions that experience a high degree of variability in conditions, such as here in the northeast. There are lean-to campsites scattered all around Paul Smith’s College campus and the VIC, as well as on adjacent public state lands. What Paul Smith’s College does not possess, however, is an Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accessible lean-to campsite. The ADA implements guidelines for infrastructural accommodations for people with disabilities and has a set of standards required for a lean-to site to be considered handicap accessible. Some guidelines include a level site with no more than a 2% grade, a ramp allowing access into the lean-to, an ADA accessible picnic table on site, ADA approved fire ring, and an ADA accessible privy that is readily accessible from the site. Our Alumni Campground possesses a handful of lean-to sites, but none of which are even remotely accessible let alone ADA accessible. With our capstone project, we are going to change that. The 2019 Sustainability Capstone initiated this project, our capstone group erected it, and a future capstone group may study its implications on Paul Smith’s College Campus. It is hoped that addressing the need for an accessible lean-to on the Alumni Campground will help promote the long-term sustainability of the Alumni Campground and Paul Smith’s College at large.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Natural Resources Conservation and Management, Parks and Conservation Management, Sustainable Communities & Working Landscapes
Year: 2021
Authors: Ryan Quenneville, Steven Donnelly, Jacob Martin, Nathan Cibula, David LaFramboise, Madie Roth, Joshua Garland

PSC Alumni Campground ADA Accessible ADK Shelter (lean-to)

Thu, 07/07/2022 - 11:41
Abstract: This paper introduces a tool to differentiate accommodations used in camping. These different types of accommodations are then evaluated for their suitability to be used as an ADA accessible accommodation with emphasis on the use of sustainable materials. The purpose of this exercise is to extend the ability to participate in the camping experience to those people that, because of disability, might not otherwise be able to participate in or benefit from the outdoor experience. Additional attention is given to the history of organized camping and the development of tents. An Adirondack type lean-to is selected as the best choice of accommodation to accomplish these goals. This paper goes on to detail the construction of an Adirondack lean-to in the Paul Smith’s College Alumni Campground. The paper concludes with lessons learned and recommended changes for others who might attempt a similar project, as well as additional steps needed to complete this specific project.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Natural Resources Conservation and Management, Parks and Conservation Management, Sustainable Communities & Working Landscapes
Year: 2021
Authors: Nathan Cibula

Accessible lean to for Paul Smith's College Alumni Campground

Thu, 07/07/2022 - 11:25
Abstract: When you hear people talking about camping, you probably think of sleeping in a tent on the ground. Did you know that there is another way to camp? Lean tos are a popular form of camping and can be found all over the Adirondacks in Upstate New York. Did you know camping in the Adirondacks can be traced back to the 1860’s when hunters would stay in lean-tos while hunting. It's nice to see how far camping has come since then. For this project a study was done on the site where our new lean to was built. This study looked into the history of the alumni campground and how it has been used. Ultimately our problem we were solving in this project was to build another ADA accessible campsite for people to use. It just so happened that a lean to was needed since a tent site had already been put in.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Natural Resources Conservation and Management, Parks and Conservation Management, Sustainable Communities & Working Landscapes
Year: 2021
Authors: Madie Roth, Steve Donnelly, Jacob Martin, Ryan Q, David L, Nate C, Josh Garland

Effectiveness of book sharing, Community Support to increase Literacy

Thu, 07/07/2022 - 11:54
Abstract: Literacy rates amongst those living in poverty tend to be lower than those who live in more privileged communities; a family's income, what language is spoken at home, or the number of siblings they have may also be a factor. This paper researches the availability of education within the United States and the inequalities in law and rights for indigenous Americans throughout the history of the United States, and describes the process that went into our own PSC bookmobile construction throughout the 2021 fall semester.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Natural Resources Conservation and Management
Year: 2021
Authors: Samuel Phetteplace

The Impact of Mounted Law Enforcement

Thu, 07/07/2022 - 11:45
Abstract: This research paper displays information about the impact of mounted law enforcement on communities, horses and the police officers.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Natural Resources Conservation and Management, Parks and Conservation Management
Year: 2021
Authors: Steve Vanhoven, Deirdre Burke

The Rise of Ecofascist Ideologies: A Palpable Manifestation in Disciplines of Environmental Science

Thu, 07/07/2022 - 13:48
Abstract: This intrinsic case study was conducted to address and examine the global rise in fascism via democratic backsliding, the rising urgency of climate change, and the emerging white nationalist, fascist and ecofascist rhetoric that is spreading via hegemony and ‘common sense’ knowledge as well as how it is created and how it operates outside of and within disciplines of environmental science. Materials handed out at the 2019 Fisheries Society and Wildlife Society joint annual conference held in Reno, Nevada. I believe that these materials were handed out by a booth bought by members of Scientists and Environmentalists for Population Stabilization. Many of these papers came from groups such as Californians for Population Stabilization, Center for Immigration Studies, Federation for American Immigration Reform, which are all confirmed to be hate groups, in addition to NumbersUSA a an extremist anti-immigration groups as well as Progressives for Immigration Reform, a regular anti-immigration group. A method of coding names “Values Coding” by Saldana was used to analyze and code the documents into three categories of values, beliefs, and attitudes. The themes within these papers included overpopulation, population policy, immigration, birthright citizenship, globalization, and population reduction. The connections between current ideologies of ecofascism that are becoming more mainstream and German National Socialism were compared against each other, as well as how ecofascism is acting as a driver for individuals to commit violent acts such as the Christchurch shooting in New Zealand, and the El Paso shooting in Texas. In this case study I examine and extrapolate on certain papers and themes that were common throughout the study. Within these findings the evidence of how widespread the appropriation of knowledge is within environmental science as well as other disciplines, and how far right and white nationalists create their own think tanks and publishing houses to distribute and dilute the pool of knowledge. These efforts to dilute the knowledge pool and push the decade long far-right intellectual project, where the goal of mainstreaming their ideas is coming to fruition. At the end of this case study, I examine how important the concept of space and place is and how they are crucial in understanding how youth get recruited and radicalized as well as how to reach teens in these spaces and prevent racialization. The role educators have in opposing this mainstreaming of hate is also discussed, in addition to ideas created for Paul Smith’s College and the role it must play within its duty of an educational institution.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Natural Resources Conservation and Management
Year: 2021
Authors: Bronwyn G. Bishop

A Conservation & Business Proposal for the Establishment of the A.P. Smith Rod & Gun Club, Onchiota, NY

Thu, 07/07/2022 - 13:20
Abstract: The managed development of the Onchiota property would allow increased opportunities for students to put knowledge into action, from managing the forests for recreation to performing population studies on the local flora and fauna, while conserving the property and natural resources on it in the best Adirondack tradition.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Natural Resources Conservation and Management
Year: 2021
Authors: Daniel Klein

Infrastructure of the A.P Smith Rod and Gun Club

Thu, 07/07/2022 - 13:31
Abstract: For the A.P Smith Rod and Gun Club, this report in focused on the infrastructure of buildings, trails and the trapshooting areas on the 600 acres of the property.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Natural Resources Conservation and Management
Year: 2021
Authors: Erin Bryant, Eoghan Walsh, Daniel Klein, Drew Gleason, Kassie Kirkum