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Capstone Projects

Scratch Baking vs. Premixed/Prepared Baking

Thu, 05/02/2019 - 16:55
Abstract: Can people tell the difference between completely scratch made baked goods, and those with premixed/prepared elements; and how does this play a role in decision making when opening and operating a small retail bakery business? This project was conducted to test premade dough and/or mixes against scratch recipes to see how any additional ingredients and preservatives may alter the final product. Both groups of baked goods were tested against one another and the differences in appearance, taste/texture, food cost, and labor cost were noted. A blind tasting was conducted to compare different samples of scratch baked and prepared item and feedback was gathered from participants for analysis. This was also to see if the participants could differentiate the two group of products without knowing the topic of the project. The profit margin was then calculated and analyzed to determine the use of the products selected in a retail bakery. Research was conducted on different components of opening and operating a small bakery business that could possibly be affected by choosing to use scratch baking vs. premixed/prepared elements. Using a combination of both may be an option. Research components also includes consistency, marketability and availability, in addition to food and labor costs.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Baking Arts and Service Management
Year: 2019
Authors: Skyler Lyons

A Taste Of Place: How Terroir Effects Maple Syrup

Fri, 05/03/2019 - 15:35
Abstract: Production of maple syrup starts within the tree, acer saccharum. These trees, more commonly known as sugar maples, produces maple sap. Maple sap is then, through the boiling process, transformed into Maple syrup. A study was then performed to see if one could taste the difference in Maple syrup. This test proves that there is a difference in maple syrup from different regions. Terroir of maple syrup is then compared to terroir of other things, such as wine, and shows how one would go about tasting and describing the taste of Maple Syrup.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Baking Arts and Service Management
Year: 2019
Authors: Charli Fowler

Can you tell the difference between Dietary Restricted desserts and their regular versions?

Mon, 05/06/2019 - 10:19
Abstract: Our question for Capstone was whether or not people could tell the difference between dietary restricted desserts and their regular versions. The restrictions we chose were Gluten Free, Sugar Free, Vegan, and Dairy Free. We physically tested and noted the differences in look, texture, taste, food cost, and labor. We conducted a blind taste test in the Old St. Regis open to the Faculty, Staff, and students of the PSC Community. People participating were able to see and taste and record their answers in a survey.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Baking Arts and Service Management
Year: 2019
Authors: Victoria Schickedanz & Emma Stoddard

Natural Versus Artificial Food Coloring and Flavoring

Tue, 05/07/2019 - 01:12
Abstract: Natural Versus Artificial Food Coloring and Flavoring- Sampling natural and artificial dyes and flavorings side by side, to see which was preferred and if people could tell the difference.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Baking Arts and Service Management
Year: 2019
Authors: Kenadhe Howell

Ancient Breads in a Modern World

Thu, 05/09/2019 - 16:09
Abstract: Is is possible to take ancient breads and bring them up to today's modern tastes. I took three ancient breads (a roman bread, a medieval bread, and a Viking bread) and attempted to make a savory and sweet version of each that were up to today's modern and contemporary tastes. As well a providing historical research on the breads from each time period, and the earliest history of breads.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Baking Arts and Service Management
Year: 2019
Authors: Jordan A. Perron

What Are the Differences in Trichome Density and Morphology Between Arabidopsis Lyrata Subsp. Lyrata Populations When Grown in A Northern Common Garden, Outside of Their Geographic Distribution?

Tue, 04/30/2019 - 15:23
Abstract: Trichomes are diverse among plants. There is evidence suggesting that environmental factors may influence these structures and their densities. Other evidence shows that weather may influence genetics and gene expression. Arabidopsis lyrata subsp. lyrata is a wild flower that is native to North America and Europe and has been extensively studied. Literature regarding Arabidopsis states that within the family and genus, there is evidence suggesting that trichomes can be either non-branched, twice branched or thrice branched. This study’s purpose was to analyze how trichome density, and morphology in Arabidopsis lyrata subsp. lyrata differs between populations when grown outside of the natural distribution limit. Four populations of Arabidopsis lyrata subsp. lyrata were studied based on latitude. After analyzing the outcomes, unexpectedly there are no major differences between the north and south populations; however, there are differences between the four populations. Based on the data gathered, it was determined that the population, North2 (07G) must be genetically different from the other three populations. The four populations were grown together in a common garden; thus, all variables were the same. The environment did not influence trichome density or morphology within the North2 population, therefore the structures were genetically pre-determined.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Biology
Year: 2019
File Attachments: Scarabaggio_A.docx
Authors: Amber My Scarabaggio

Management on a Protected Landscape: Black-Throated Blue Warblers (Setophaga caerulescens) in the Adirondack Park, NY 2019 - 2069

Tue, 04/30/2019 - 11:28
Abstract: Black-throated blue warblers (Setophaga caerulescens) are a neotropical migrant passerine that specializes in breeding within interior forest habitats, with dense lower strata. Since the Breeding Bird Survey began in 1966, there has been over a 1.5% decline in sightings of this species along survey routes. In recent years, it has been found that access to secondary growth during the post-fledging period is essential to physiological health for migration. In the Adirondack Park of New York, a protected forest, there is a severe deficit of early successional habitats, especially adjacent to large tracts of mature forest. Compounding on this, there is resounding public conflict in relation to forest operations. This management plan aims to increase black-throated blue warbler encounters on BBS survey routes by at least 1% yearly on average, or by 50% over 50 years. To increase populations directly, new early successional habitat, and understory nesting cover will be developed using a variety of forestry techniques. We will increase early successional habitat by 10% by 2034, 20% by 2049, and 30% by 2069. Understory cover is planned to be increased by 5% by 2034, 15% by 2049, and 20% by 2069. Public education will be increased by presenting residents and visitors to the Adirondacks with free opportunities to learn about how natural resources are managed. Public opinion will be monitored alongside this education to study how public approval of forestry relates to environmental education. By the end of this 50-year management cycle, it is expected that black-throated blue warblers, along with several other species, will benefit greatly from these management actions. In addition, the general public will have a greater understanding, and therefore support of scientific wildlife management, including all tools that are used.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2019
Authors: Bradley R. Geroux

Management Plan for Stray Dog (Canis lupus familiaris) Populations in Kathmandu, Nepal

Wed, 05/01/2019 - 00:10
Abstract: Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are the most abundant predators, inhabiting all continents excluding Antarctica. Widely distributed, they are able to adapt to an expansive range of surroundings, maximizing survivability rates throughout the populations. Dogs are able to habituate regardless of rural mountainous terrain or crowded bustling cities. Stray dog populations have been established as a result of the frequent abandonment of pet dogs due to sickness, aggression, estrus behavior, or negligence. The diet of stray dog populations in Poland have been documented consisting of 30% oats, seeds and fruits, 15% small mammals, 12% game species, 7% insects, and 36% organic or inorganic items. The presence of dogs can deter endemic wildlife from utilizing suitable habitats, causing an increase in nest desertions. Dogs have also been known to hybridize with species within the Canis genera such as with the endangered Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis), disrupting the genetic integrity of the species. Breeding multiple times within a year, producing anywhere from 1 to 15 pups per litter, there has been an estimate of over 20,000 stray dogs in Kathmandu, Nepal. Exposure to harsh living conditions have resulted in many of these dogs becoming malnourished, increasing susceptibility to parasites and diseases. Decreasing the population of stray dogs in Kathmandu by 50% from 2019 to 2049 will decrease ecological impacts on native wildlife, as well as decrease the transmission of zoonotic diseases. Decreasing food availability for stray dogs will result in a decrease within the stray dog population; if executed gradually, the stray dog population will not disperse to neighboring communities. When food sources suddenly diminish, dogs have been observed dispersing to maximize food availability. Decreasing the fecundity of females ages 1 to 2 will halt the dog population from its current exponential increase. Further educating the public regarding impacts of stray dog populations will decrease opportunities for disease transmission, pet abandonment, as well as discourage the public from sustaining the population. Decreasing the population of stray dogs in Nepal will protect native wildlife by decreasing negative effects on breeding success as well as increasing habitat use by endemic species. Human exposure to zoonotic diseases can also be minimized as a result of decreased interactions with stray dogs.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2019
Authors: Iris Li

Reviving Sea Otters (Enhydra lutris) Populations Post Fur-Trade in the Aleutian Archipelago of Alaska

Wed, 05/01/2019 - 09:40
Abstract: Northern sea otters (Enhydra lutris) are a very important predator to the Aleutian Archipelago of Alaska. They are a keystone species that helps maintain a balanced relationship between sea urchins and kelp. Sea otters were nearly extinct in the early 20th century, but most populations have since recovered. However, otters of the Aleutian Islands are facing large declines due to increased killer whale (Orcinus orca) predation. Due to small, extant populations that are isolated from one another, it is difficult for otters to disperse from their birthplace, thus creating genetic bottle necking. This management plan’s goal is to stabilize sea otter populations, at islands that were not operating at equilibrium in 1965, to approximately 300 total individuals by 2026. Population models show adult survivability is the most influential on the population. The objective measures that will be taken to achieve this goal would be to (1) Stop the hunting of sea otters from 2019-2026, (2) decrease killer whale predation by 50% by 2026, and (3) increase the number of adults by at least 30% in areas that provide protection from killer whales by 2026. This plan expects a positive outcome with the goal being achieved within the given time frame, ± 1 year.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2019
Authors: Donovan Hughes

Conservation of the Critically Endangered Silky Sifaka (Propithecus candidus) in Marojejy National Park, Madagascar.

Wed, 05/01/2019 - 11:05
Abstract: Executive Summary The silky sifaka (Propithecus candidus) is a critically endangered, large bodied lemur endemic to the eastern montane rainforests of Madagascar. Silky sifakas eat primarily leaves but will also eat seeds, flowers, and fruits, which means they are not true folivores. Silky sifakas reproduce, on average, once every other year and will mate on a single day each year. Like other eastern rainforest sifakas, silky sifakas will not cross non-forested habitat (i.e. clear cuts or farm land) to travel between forest fragments. Thus, deforestation is a primary concern for the species’ survival of the species. Additionally, the local villagers hunt lemurs for bush meat. Locals do not specifically target silky sifakas but make no effort to avoid the species while hunting. The goal of this management plan is to increase and maintain the silky sifaka population within Marojejy National Park, in north eastern Madagascar. There are four main objectives to reach and fulfill this goal. First, conduct additional research on silky sifaka population size and natural history, and produce 5 peer reviewed papers to increase what is known about the species. Second, to increase survival rates of each age class to 90% in 20 years. Third, increase education on the importance and uniqueness of the forests and species that live within them, inside Marojejy National Park by 50% in 3 years. And finally, to reduce the illegal harvest of fuel and rosewood within Marojejy National Park, as well as the surrounding forests, by 90% in 3 years. These objectives will be achieved through different actions including education, increased management and monitoring of the park, and implementation of new data collection methods. The completion of each objective and the effective implementation of each action should result in the silky sifaka population stabilizing and increasing in numbers each year.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2019
File Attachments: Tolman_FWS470_Final.pdf
Authors: Matthew W. Tolman