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Capstone Projects

Forty Year Management Plan for Mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx) in the Rio Campo and Campo Reserves in Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon West Africa.

Thu, 04/30/2020 - 15:51
Abstract: Mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx) is the largest primate of the cercopithecine primates in West Africa. They are omnivorous in diet, although tend towards frugivory and herbivory, which allows them to coexist in large hordes of up to 900 individuals in the breeding season. Males are seasonally present in a horde and disperse at times when females are not at their peak breeding capacity. Conservation issues for the species include illegal harvest for use as bushmeat, which hinders their adult survival probability, as well as their sex ratio, as adult male mandrills are preferentially taken. Other issues include habitat degradation for agriculture and mining, increased fragmentation due to roadways, relatively relaxed environmental laws, and lack of information regarding the true population of mandrills remaining in the wild. This management plan will aim to implement actions to establish accurate population estimates for the species, in order to make accurate conservation actions to stop the decrease in population, and stabilize the population. I will also aim to reduce the effect of illegal hunting on the species through social and cultural actions aimed at decreasing the reliance on bushmeat in local communities, as well as increasing environmental law regulations and enforcement. Social reform actions will include the implementation of government subsidies for domestic livestock farming, as well as for wild caught fishing operations. Employment opportunities will be made available for individuals who rely on commercial bushmeat trade for income. These opportunities will be in conservation and will include education in the conservation of vulnerable species. Management actions will eliminate the decrease in mandrill populations, and lead to an increase in populations to stability.
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Major: Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2020
Authors: Kyle Gleichauf

Sixty-year Galápagos fur seal (Arctocephalus galapagoensis) Management Plan for the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador

Thu, 04/30/2020 - 14:53
Abstract: Galápagos fur seals (Arctocephalus galapagoensis) are one of the smallest species of fur seals globally. They were once widespread throughout the Galápagos Islands, but intense sealing in the 1800s has caused their range to be limited to most of the western islands. Their main prey sources are fish from families Myctophidae and Bathyergidae, which inhabit the deeper layer of the ocean. Conservation issues of primary concern include El Niño events, increasing fisheries, invasive species, climate change, and other anthropogenic practices. This management plan aims to restore Galápagos fur seal populations to a healthy size and their historic range within the Galápagos Marine Reserve, Ecuador. Objectives to reach this goal are to increase survival in subadult populations by 90% in 60 years, increase emigration rates by 20% within 15 years in populations, increase resistance during El Niño events by increasing survival rates by 50% in 30 years, and implement at least two similar existing laws or policies from the United States to protect the coastal and oceanic habitats. To increase survival rates in subadults, further research will be conducted into the age specific survival rates for this species. Along with that, restricted beach areas totaling in 500 m^2will be implemented to prevent human disturbances. To increase emigration rates, fragmented rookeries will be connected through the restricted beach areas. In order to increase resistance during El Niño events, the most and least vulnerable areas will be identified, and fishing will be restricted in areas to provide enough food. To promote and protect coastal habitats, an act like the Coastal Zone Management Act in the United States should be considered being implemented. Along with that, goals for conservation should be set, knowledge of coastal habitat should be enhanced, and wetland inventories should be updated and accessible to all. These practices have the potential to increase the population to over 25,000 individuals in 60 years.
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Major: Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2020
Authors: Nicole M White

Twenty-Year Management Plan for Northern Long-eared Bat (Myotis septentrionalis) populations in the United States

Thu, 04/30/2020 - 12:32
Abstract: Since the onset of white-nose syndrome in 2006, bat populations have been declining rapidly. For the northern long-eared bat, Myotis septentrionalis, this rate was as high as 75% in some years. With such high mortality it will not take long for the species to be extinct, modeling suggests it could be as soon as within the next 10 years (Appendix B). Unfortunately, white-nose syndrome is not the only issue M. septentrionalis face. They are a tree-roosting migratory bat which means they are highly impacted by windmills and their increasing construction. Bats are struck by the windmill blades, along with the impacts of habitat fragmentation that the windmill construction creates. It is important to implement a management for M. septentrionalis immediately because they provide important ecosystem services to the agriculture community. Northern long-eared bats eat crop pests which increases the yield on those crops, this ultimately leads to a reduction of pesticides farmers need to use and lower food prices. Northern long-eared bats combat more than just crop pests, they eat mosquitos too! Ultimately, if this management plan is executed successfully, northern long-eared bat populations will be restored and farmers will be able to reduce the amount of pesticide use and food prices will remain low.
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Major: Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2020
Authors: Hunter LaBombard

Fifty-Year Mary River Turtle (Elusor macrurus) Management Plan for Eastern Australia

Thu, 04/30/2020 - 12:15
Abstract: Mary River turtles (Elusor macrurus) are environmental specialists and are endemic to the Mary River system in Queensland, Australia. They are highly dependent on cloacal respiration, and are capable of spending up to 72 hours underwater in a single dive. Mary River turtles are a long-lived species, typically not reaching sexual maturity until 30 years of age. Conservation issues for this species include the following: exploitation of nests for the pet trade, loss of habitat connectivity due to the creation of dams, predation of nests by mesopredators, and nest mortality due to inundation of nests by floodwaters. Climate change poses additional risks towards this species due to rising temperatures and increased duration of droughts. There are two goals for this management plan, they include: (1) to restore the Mary River turtle population in Queensland, Australia to sustainable levels, and (2) to restore connectivity of the Mary River system in Queensland, Australia to promote the interaction of the local people with Mary River turtles. In order to reach these goals, multiple objectives have been established, they include: (1a) increase Mary River turtle nest survival by 50% in the Tiaro region of Queensland, Australia over the next 10 years, (2a) increase the number of nesting female Mary River turtles to 50% of the female population over the next 25 years, (1b) increase connectivity of Mary River turtle habitat by 50% over the next 50 years, (2b) increase public support for Mary River turtle conservation by 50% over the next 10 years. Objective 1a will be reached by protecting existing Mary River turtle nesting sites from mesopredator predation. Objective 2a will promote the creation of suitable nesting habitat to attract additional female turtles to nest in a protected area. To satisfy goal 2, objective 1b will be reached by establishing a suitable flow regime for 50% of the dams along the Mary River, which will reduce hypoxic environments to support Mary River turtles. Objective 2b will be reached by educating the public about Mary River turtles, as well as involving the public with the implementation of the management plan through volunteer positions. By fulfilling the goals set forth in this management plan, it will allow for the formation of a long-term/successful Mary River turtle management plan.
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Major: Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2020
File Attachments: Sojka 2020.04.30.docx
Authors: John Sojka

Twenty-year Long-tailed duck (Clangula hyemalis) Management Plan for Eastern North America

Thu, 04/30/2020 - 11:44
Abstract: Long-tailed ducks (Clangula hyemalis) are a migratory sea duck with a circumpolar distribution. Since they are an arctic species and breed outside of current breeding bird surveys there is little data for their demographics and no data specific to eastern North America (Atlantic Flyway and Mississippi Flyway). Over the last 30 years their population has declined by 50%; this causes concern that the species could be at risk of becoming endangered if the trend in population numbers continues. This management plans goal is to increase and stabilize long-tailed ducks population numbers over the next 20 years. This will be accomplished by decreasing the bycatch of long-tailed ducks in commercial gillnet fisheries by 10% and reducing the total number harvested through hunting per year by 10%. To better monitor this progress a breeding bird survey will be established in their eastern North American breeding area. Surveys and alternative fishing methods will be introduced to commercial gillnet fisheries to raise awareness about bycatch of long-tailed ducks and seabirds in general. By the end of this 20 year management plan, it is expected that long-tailed ducks, along with seabirds and other arctic bird species breeding outside of current breeding bird surveys, will benefit from these actions.
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Major: Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2020
Authors: Megan Lazarus

Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus) 20-year Management Plan for Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Tue, 04/28/2020 - 15:54
Abstract: Sun bears (Helarctos malayanus) are the smallest member of the Ursidae family and are native to large, undisturbed dipterocarp tropical forests in southeast Asia. They are omnivorous with a diet consisting primarily of fruit and insects. Sun bears are solitary and historically avoid areas with a strong human presence. These preferred areas are decreasing in abundance in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) as the nation’s economy grows with its timber industry, causing widespread deforestation. The lack of available forests for sun bears inhibits the ability of juveniles to disperse from their mother’s dens, decreasing their survivorship. Deforestation has also forced sun bears to live in closer proximity to humans, especially in agricultural areas. This causes interactions in the form of crop raiding and property damage, bringing economic harm to farmers in Lao PDR. These negative interactions have also caused farmers in Lao PDR to have a negative opinion of sun bears on their farms, increasing adult sun bear mortality from these interactions. Sun bear populations in Lao PDR are projected to decline by 17% over the next 20 years if no management action is taken. This management plan seeks to stabilize the sun bear population in Lao PDR. As habitat availability is declining, increasing the population is not feasible. The objectives to attain a stable population are to increase the survivorship of sun bears during their mother-dependency period and of the adult stage class. This includes increasing cub survivorship by 5%, yearlings by 4%, and juveniles by 1.5% in 20 years and adults by 1% in 10 years. To increase survivorship of mother-dependent sun bears, planning in forestry operations will be implemented to decrease disturbance levels of these operations and increase their efficiency. Reforestation through plantations will also be initiated in previously deforested areas. Finally, all bear bile extraction farms will be located and shut down to prevent poaching. This plan also looks to improve the opinions of farmers towards sun bears. Objectives to achieve this goal includes reducing the number of farmers who view sun bears as a hindrance to agricultural production by 10% over 15 years and decreasing the number of farmers experiencing property damage by 50% over 20 years. Actions to decrease the proportion of farmers who view sun bears as a hindrance include the establishment of a crop insurance program with the Lao PDR Ministry of Forestry to offset losses of farmers due to damage from wildlife and other natural events. Surveys will also be distributed to gather up to date information regarding the current state of the relationship between farmers and sun bears, and what farmers feel should be done to help them. To decrease property and livestock damage, trained livestock guard dogs (LGD) will be distributed to farmers as a deterrent to keep sun bear off their property. Another preventative measure is to establish electric fences around crops to exclude sun bears from these areas as well as provide a deterring effect from the electric shock. These management actions will likely cause an initial increase in the population above a stable level; however, after 5 years the population will reach a level that can be maintained beyond the 20-year management timeline for up to 100 years.  
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Major: Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2020
File Attachments: Monroe 2020.04.28.pdf
Authors: Richard Monroe

A Model for the Development of a Community Center for Psychology in a Rural Setting

Fri, 05/08/2020 - 10:31
Abstract: The current research proposes the development of a Center for “Psychology and Wellness” in rural communities. This research examines the importance of mental health resources for communities in general. In addition, it explores the need for a centralized hub for psychological resources where collaborations between local providers, academic institutions, and community organizations can be actualized. Special emphasis will be placed on the unique psychological needs of rural communities. This research will explore the rationale for such a model and identify specific stakeholders and community links within the North Country region of New York state. In addition, specific activities, potential collaborations, and educational training opportunities will be discussed. Finally, expected benefits, possible challenges, and next steps will be discussed.
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Major: Integrative Studies
Year: 2020
Authors: Dijon Bell
Kenneth Cornog
Abigail Cowan
Deven Rogers

Management Plan for the Endangered Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) on the Western and Southern Coast of Australia

Sun, 05/05/2019 - 17:20
Abstract: The Australian sea lion (Neophoca cinerea) is an endangered species that is endemic to the West Australia and South Australia coastlines. It is one of the rarest otariids in the world. The species is unique among other otariids because of its nonannual, nonseasonal breeding cycle, along with the females’ high natal site fidelity. The high natal site fidelity causes genetic drift among the population and can reduce fecundity. The Australian sea lion has multiple conservation issues including bycatch through gillnets and pots, hookworm infections, pup deaths, ecotourism, and pollution. The goal of this management plan is to increase the population to carrying capacity then stabilize it, on the coast of West Australia and South Australia. Objective one is to increase young adult and adult survivorship by at least 3% within fifteen years, this can be accomplished through reducing/limiting bycatch from gillnets and decreasing pollution. Objective two is to increase the understanding of the populations and their distributions by establishing a research program in the next five years and publish five scientific papers in twenty years. Accomplishment of objective two will be met through conducting pup counts and camera trapping at main breeding colonies and if those actions do not fulfill the objective then radio-collaring and relocation will be implemented. Objective three is to decrease pup mortality by 2% per year or 4% per breeding cycle in the next fifteen years. This will be accomplished through decreasing hookworm infections through ivermectin and decreasing bycatch from rock lobster and crayfish pots. Objective four is to increase education by 25% within the next three years, this can be accomplished through surveys of the public and educational pamphlets. This management plan would prevent the Australian sea lion from extinction if the objectives and actions are met in the established timeline.
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Major: Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2019
File Attachments: Management Plan .pdf
Authors: Anna Mehner

Management plan for Streaked Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris strigata) populations in Oregon from 2019 to 2034

Sun, 05/05/2019 - 14:25
Abstract: The streaked horned lark (Eremophila alpestris strigata) is an endemic subspecies only found in western Washington and Oregon. It is a distinctive subspecies of the horned lark (Eremophila alpestris), a common grassland passerine. The subspecies is unique, remote, and has diminutive genetic diversity as shown by genetic data. The streaked horned lark was listed as threatened under the federal Endangered Species Act by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 2013. Historically, the streaked horned lark was more abundant and prevalent, but has become increasingly rare with habitat deteriorations and is now inhibited to a few large open grasslands and sparsely vegetated locations- including airports, sandy islands, and coastal spits. Oregon breeding areas can be found alongside the lower Columbia, airports and agricultural fields in the Willamette Valley. Several issues disturb streaked horned larks including: predation of nests and fledglings, human disturbance, and probable low genetic diversity triggered by inbreeding in small populations with high site fidelity. The goal of this management plan is to increase streaked horned lark populations and habitat to sustain viable populations in Oregon from 2019 to 2034. This goal will be achieved through increasing available lark habitat on both public and private lands, along with increasing survivorship rates of juvenile and adult streaked horned larks to increase populations and in return providing more genetic diversity. Habitat in public lands will be managed by various control methods, and private lands will be accessed and managed by providing farmers with enticements. The eventual outcome of this management plan will help further protect and restore many prairie-like habitats that many grassland species rely on, while also providing an additional reason to ensure that streaked horned lark persist into the future.
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Major: Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2019
Authors: Tyler J. Keim

The Management Plan for The African Clawless Otter

Fri, 05/03/2019 - 21:31
Abstract: The African Clawless Otter was first listed under the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as least concern/lower risk in 1996. In 2014 the African Clawless Otter was listed as nearly threatened in South Africa. The African Clawless Otter are found everywhere in Africa except for the northern region. African Clawless Otters exist in most fresh water systems or near the coast. The otters are generally within 50 meters away from a source of water and their diet consists mainly of marine species such as fish, crabs, lobsters, and octopus. Primary conservation issue impacting the African Clawless Otter are the pollution of river systems in South Africa. Secondary conservation issue is that the otters are obtaining the fish that the fisherman catch so the fisherman are inclined to kill the otters so that the otters don’t continually keep taking their fish. The goal of this management plan is to increase the population size for the African Clawless Otter to a sustainable population and aid in the delisting of the species from the IUCN red list. The objectives for this management plan are: to increase African Clawless Otter acceptance rate of 50% by the human population in 20 years; the primary action for this objective would be to survey the fisherman and the non-fisherman in all the provinces of South Africa. Identify 15% of anthropogenic threats impacting the African Clawless Otter; the Primary action for this objective would be to create more legal repercussions from breaking the NEMB Act. Increase the survival rate in the post-weaning, juvenile, and adult stages of the African Clawless Otter by 10% over 40 years; the primary action for this objective is conduct 5 scientific studies into the population dynamics of the African Clawless Otter. By increasing public awareness, reducing human impacts, and increasing their survival rates, The Goal of increasing the African Clawless Otter populations to sustainable levels will be successful.
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Major: Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2019
Authors: Steven Campbell