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Capstone Projects

Food Allergies: How might a chef's creative vision be influenced by mandated food allergy legislation?

Mon, 04/23/2012 - 12:57
Abstract: It is estimated that one in twenty-five Americans suffers from a food allergy. As a result Massachusetts State Legislation has set a precedent by creating food allergen training laws to ensure safe food handling practices. This study seeks to determine if and how mandated food allergy legislation might affect a chef’s creative vision. Data concerning food allergies will be collected from: professional chefs and restaurant customers who suffer from a food allergy in the form of a survey. The information will demonstrate if chefs are proactively adapting their restaurant menus before having to be reactive to government mandated regulations. This study will also raise awareness of the prevailing number of food allergies.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2012
File Attachments: GORSKI FINAL CAPSTONE.docx
Authors: Jeffrey Gorski

Age and its Effects on Taste: Does age play a factor in tea preference?

Mon, 04/23/2012 - 13:23
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine if age was a factor with consumer’s taste buds between the flavors of neutral oolong tea, vegetative green tea, mild white tea and astringent black tea. The method used to retrieve this data was a tea tasting, pared with surveys. The results were compiled in a series of charts. This study was based on age to assist restaurateurs with making a decision of what tea to offer in their establishment. Tea drinkers were surveyed, as well as participated in a tea tasting to decide the answers to these questions.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2012
Authors: Kathryn Woehrle

"Farm-to-Table"

Mon, 04/23/2012 - 16:51
Abstract: "Farm-to-Table" has proven to be a major trend in the foodservice industry in the past decade. According to restaurant.org the top two trends for 2012 are locally sourced meats and produce. When referring to the literature review on the subject, it is clear that this trend involves numerous aspects. The purpose of this capstone is to come up with a conclusion as to what aspects a younger demographic, namely the 18-25 age group, view as the most important in this growing trend. Information will be gathered from surveys handed out to customers at Eat-N-Meet in Saranac Lake, NY (the local "Farm-to-Table" restaurant) as well as surveys sent to the student population at Paul Smiths College. With the compiled information, a chef or restaurateur involved with the trend in the next couple decades can hope to realize what future customers of this age group will be looking for when dining out at a "Farm-to-Table" establishment.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2012
File Attachments: Ealy Final Capstone.doc
Authors: Justin Ealy

Soulful Dishes - A study of Geechee/Gullah Cooking

Mon, 04/23/2012 - 21:45
Abstract: Every culture has its own cuisine. In the United States, people have emigrated from many different countries. The authenticity and tradition of native food is showcased in various ways. The public has an array of options when it comes to eating different types of food from around the world. Geechee/Gullah (GG) food is not as obtainable. This research is based on the origin and culture of GG people, how their culture is expressed through their cuisine, cooking techniques, and authentic signature dishes. Under the guidance of Chefs Michael Carmel, Kevin Mitchell, and Charlotte and Frank Jenkins, each of whom have experience and knowledge of the subject, the outcome will produce signature dishes that will be available for the public to taste. Exploratory research consisting of interviews and field notes will be the research methods used. Signature dishes and a presentation will provide the general audience with information and awareness of GG cuisine.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2012
Authors: Jacqueline Hite

Scent Marketing: Do Scents Make Cents

Mon, 04/23/2012 - 21:51
Abstract: Based on past research and studies to manipulate scents, an experiment will be conducted to determine an influential way for businesses to subliminally attract customers. These customers will be more apt to spend money in the establishment purely from the scent that the business is producing. A “mark” on the mind of the consumers from these aromas will persuade them to open up their mind as well as their wallets. The consistent smell of a universally embraced scent will manipulate the majority of customers: therefore restaurants will have the opportunity to generate more profits. The smell of doughnuts was primarily used as the “universal appeal” for this specific scent to attract more business because the study was being executed in a bakery. Other cases and establishments with billboard or ambient scents (see definition list) might be more applicable for execution. The information collected from this experiment will be used to determine if a subliminal interests can influence customer’s to spend more money.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2012
Authors: Dan Smallridge

A MULTI-SCALE EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTS OF FOREST HARVESTING FOR WOODY BIOFUELS ON MAMMALIAN COMMUNITIES IN A NORTHERN HARDWOOD FOREST

Fri, 02/01/2013 - 16:19
Abstract: Forest harvesting and subsequent effects on forest structure have been shown to influence mammalian community assemblages and the abundance of individual species, however less attention has been paid to the implications of how harvested timber is used. This is particularly relevant in the Northern Forest, where a considerable portion of the forest harvesting is used to produce biofuels. Biofuels harvesting typically involves the process of whole-tree chipping which may lead to a dramatic reduction in the amount of woody material in the form of slash and coarse woody debris (CWD) left in harvested stands. The goal of our study was to assess the effects of biofuels harvesting on forest structure and subsequent effects on mammalian community structure and abundance. To address this goal, we focused on a ~35 Ha area of partially-harvested northern hardwood forest in the northern Adirondacks, New York. To sample mammals we used a combination of Sherman traps and track plates established at two scales across stands within this area. Our results showed that the response of small mammals to changes in forest structure is both species and scale specific. At the individual trap scale, CWD, slash, and understory cover were important drivers of the occurrence of individual species of small mammals. At the larger “grid” scale, small mammal relative abundance was driven by canopy cover and the density of woody stems. Our results indicate that the current harvesting practices used for biofuel production in the Adirondacks are unlikely to result in declines in abundance of common small mammal species. However, the retention of some slash post-harvest may be beneficial to some species, thus foresters may want to include slash retention when developing silvicultural prescriptions.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Environmental Sciences, Fisheries and Wildlife Science, Natural Resources Management and Policy
Year: 2012
Authors: Cody Laxton, Alisha Benack, Danielle Ball, Scott Collins, Sam Forlenza, Richard Franke, Stephanie Korzec, Alec Judge, Connor Langevin, Jonathan Vimislik, Elena Zito

Sharing the John Dillon Park Experience with More Visitors: A marketing and management strategy, to increase visitor usage concentrating on organizations for people with disabilities and Veterans

Mon, 04/16/2012 - 17:54
Abstract: International Paper John Dillon Park (JDP) is a fully accessible campground managed by Paul Smith's College (PSC). Fully accessible means it was designed so anyone, regardless of the presence of a disability, can utilize the facility. The campground has not been near full capacity since it was opened in 2006. PSC wishes to increase those visitor numbers concentrating on Veterans and organizations for people with disabilities. A survey was conducted of the current park visitors to obtain information needed to help define the desired demographic and other information needed for the marketing strategy of JDP. These visitor responses showed that PSC needs to concentrate its marketing efforts into better contact with its current users to stimulate return users, make a few changes to the facilities themselves, and advertise within magazines, Veteran organizations, organizations for people with disabilities and Fort Drum. Also, the responses informed PSC that it needs to provide for the recollection phase of the recreational experience by selling JDP souvenirs. With an increase in the visitor usage of JDP, more people will be able to appreciate the serenity of nature and the camping experience JDP offers to all people.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Forestry, Natural Resources Management and Policy
Year: 2012
File Attachments: Jeffrey T. Bellaire.pdf
Authors: Jeffrey T. Bellaire

An Analysis of Possible Forest Type Shifts due to Asian Longhorned Beetle Invasion in the Northern Hardwood Forest of Hebron, NY

Mon, 04/16/2012 - 18:10
Abstract: The Asian Longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis) is an invasive alien insect that poses a severe threat to forests of the northeastern United States. If this insect is allowed to run rampant through our forests there will be huge economic and ecological implications. This study hopes to provide a better understanding of these potential implications and provide potential policies for managing and controlling this insect that has potentially devastating effects on the hardwood forests of the northeast. The study on hand will explore the effects on current forest types in Hebron, NY and what future regeneration may look like in the aftermath of an ALB infestation. ALB has the potential to completely change not only the landscape but also alter current markets based around the northern hardwood stand type. This study was designed to attempt to grasp the magnitude and effects of an infestation by ALB. Current policies were reviewed to attempt to create a possible set of management strategies that could be used to minimize the effects of the ALB. Possible forest type shifts were predicted for the area based upon species range and soil types present in the study area. It is important to understand not only what ALB is capable of but also what can be expected to happen if or when it does move through the area.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Forestry, Natural Resources Management and Policy
Year: 2012
File Attachments: Complete Project.docx
Authors: Leonard Jenkins, Robert Bell, Schuyler VanAuken

The Distribution of Northern Harriers (Circus cyaneus) in Northern New York State in Relation to the Availability of Habitat Types

Mon, 04/16/2012 - 18:55
Abstract: Northern Harriers (Circus cyaneus), a bird of prey species, are widely distributed throughout the United States generally at low densities. Harriers are found in New York State, although they are less common than in the Midwest. As the harrier is a species of concern in some regions, it is important to understand how land cover types can affect the distribution of Northern Harriers over time, within a given area. Specifically, this study investigated whether the distributions of Northern Harriers are dependent upon habitat type, and if the frequency of habitat types significantly affects the abundance of Northern Harriers. The area selected for this study includes the majority of New York State to the North and East of Watertown. This region was selected because data indicates that harrier populations have declined from 1980 to 2005. In addition, this region encompasses mountainous areas as well as lower, relatively flatter land outside of the Adirondacks which represents most of New York State. Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems were utilized to determine land cover types for the region. These land cover types were then combined with New York State Department of Environmental Conservation’s Breeding Bird Atlas survey blocks. Dominant cover types for each survey block were determined, and the region as a whole was compared to survey blocks within which harriers were present. This process was completed for the years 1984 and 2005, two years in which the Breeding Bird Atlas data were collected for New York State. By using Remote Sensing and GIS, a clearer understanding of the relationship between cover type frequency and harrier presence was possible. Results indicate that Northern Harriers are significantly selecting habitat from land cover types in a proportion different to that which is available. Land cover in this region has shifted throughout the time covered in this study. In addition, a trend of open habitat being chosen over closed canopy habitat is evident. Understanding harrier selection of land cover types can greatly affect management strategies, practices and funding, as the specie is listed as threatened in New York State. The results of this study support much of the available scientific literature on harriers, which state that harriers require a combination of open canopy habitats, including early successional habitat with low vegetative cover.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Forestry, Natural Resources Management and Policy
Year: 2012
Authors: Kelly Hoffman

A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Allowing All-Terrain Vehicles on Vermont State Land

Sat, 12/01/2012 - 12:35
Abstract: Our capstone project is a cost-benefit analysis of allowing ATVs (All-Terrain Vehicles) on Vermont State land. This issue is controversial among Vermont outdoor enthusiasts. We wanted to know if the allowance of ATVs on Vermont state land is economically feasible. This study explored the current economic impacts and damages of ATV-related activities in Vermont, willingness to pay to use state land, and the possible economic benefits of allowing ATVs on state land compared to the trail construction and maintenance cost. We surveyed members of Vermont’s ATV community and conducted interviews of private and public landowners and private and public companies. Our results showed that on average most ATV users were willing to pay to use state land, the Vermont ATV community contributes to Vermont’s economy, and trail construction and maintenance is a legitimate factor when considering the construction of building sustainable trails on public land. Our study concluded that on a small scale, ATV trails on Vermont state land appears to be economically sustainable.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Natural Resources Management and Policy
Year: 2012
Authors: Cory Campbell, Kyle Wagner