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Capstone Projects

No Known Antidote: Quantification of a deadly toxin, tetrodotoxin, in red efts (Notopthalamus viridescens; Rafinesgue, 1820)

Mon, 04/29/2013 - 17:42
Abstract: Tetrodotoxin (TTX) in found in taxa worldwide including the eft life stage of the eastern newt (Notopthalamus virisdescens). Previous studies have shown that there is variability of TTX concentrations within efts and newts, and it is not known if the presence of TTX in these efts is common among populations. Our objective was to determine the distribution of TTX within the body N. viridescens efts. We hypothesized that the skin would have the highest concentrations of TTX as it is the area of the body that will likely come into contact with a predator. If certain regions of the skin come into contact with a predator more often than others, there may be significant differences in the dorsal, abdominal and pectoral regions of skin. Further, we hypothesized that the ova would have the second highest concentration of TTX as they are vital to reproduction yet vulnerable to predation. Through HPLC analysis we determined the concentrations of TTX within different tissues of N. viridescens efts including the: dorsal, pectoral, and abdominal skin; ovaries; testes; liver; pancreas; and alimentary canal. The concentrations of TTX between the different tissue types are not significantly different, nor were individuals significantly different in concentration of TTX from one another. Toxicity levels were high in comparison to other N. viridescens efts and more similar to the toxicity of highly toxic Taricha newts. The high toxicity of N. viridescens could be contributed to strong predation pressure by the slightly resistant garter snake (Thamnopsis sirtalis) and eastern hognose snake (Heterodon platirhinos).
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Biology
Year: 2013
Authors: Kimberly M. Forrest

The Conservation and Management of Wolverine (Gulo gulo) Populations in Northern Idaho to Help Prevent Human Caused Extirpation from the Contiguous United States

Thu, 05/02/2013 - 11:21
Abstract: Wolverines (Gulo gulo) were once a thriving species in the North Western United States, but large scale trapping and poison programs in the early 1900s lead to the species near extinction. Since then, populations in the United States have been struggling to maintain a strong presence in Idaho. Its current listing as threatened on the Endangered Species Act prohibits hunting and trapping, but more management is needed to sustain populations. Human development and recreation activities have caused wolverines to disperse from its nature range. Using habitat preservation techniques on current and historical wolverine habitat, increase availability and connectivity will improve dispersal. Close relationship with state officials will provide protection regarding land use, recreation, hunting, trapping and harassment. Public education will teach residents ways they can help prevent wolverine populations from further decline. Extensive research and population monitoring are needed due to the currently declining populations and the low fecundity of the species.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Biology, Fisheries and Wildlife Science
Year: 2013
Authors: Danielle E. Ball

The effects of plate size on the consumer’s perception of being full.

Mon, 12/02/2013 - 07:59
Abstract: Currently, there has been a drastic change in the amount people eat. With the introduction of fast food restaurants catering to people’s quick lifestyles, much of portion size has been distorted and this is known as portion distortion. Along with increasing portion sizes, there has also been an increase in plate size (Wasink, 2007). However, it is not known how and to what extent the size of the plate affects or influences the consumer’s perception of being full. The purpose of this descriptive study is to determine how and to what extent the size of a plate affects or influences the consumer’s perception of being full. Data will be collected through the use of observation. The menu will consist of a five day cycle menu. The venue that this research will be collected in is at the Ganzi lab in Cantwell on Paul Smith’s College campus. The tasting will be of one menu item off of the cycle menu and served to a small group of Paul Smith’s College students and faculty. The results collected will be collected through scorecards and then be analyzed to determine how and to what extent plate size effects or influences the consumer’s perception of being full. This is significant in the culinary industry because this increase in plate size has the potential influence on an increase in consumer’s portion size.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2013
File Attachments: FINAL CAPSTONE.docx
Authors: Iris Lioy

Family Restaurants offering Healthier choices

Mon, 12/02/2013 - 08:15
Abstract: The purpose of the study is determined what small restaurants or their equivalent can do to have a healthier menu. To achieve this study I will do surveys and tasting to gather basic info about what foods people will order from family style restaurants if given a healthier choice. The info will be used in making of the tasting meal for about 8-10 people. This study will not be about counting nutritional info. The info will be important to family restaurants or their equivalent because people are looking for more healthy options for them self’s and their families and it can help them with the making of a new menu. The study over all will answer if can take regular family restaurant style menu items and make them healthier versions that people will enjoy.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: Off
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2013
File Attachments: Capstone edited.doc
Authors: Ellis Snipes

Molecular cooking

Mon, 12/02/2013 - 08:25
Abstract: Molecular cooking is a style of cooking that uses new ingredients and scientific tools and methods in order to produce a different or better quality product. Many famous chefs have been inspired by this new style. The purpose of this study is to determine whether or not foods which are prepared using molecular cooking techniques are acceptable alternatives to foods which are prepared using traditional cooking techniques found in most restaurants. In order to determine this, participants in the study were given two plates of food cooked using molecular cooking techniques. The participants were also given score cards to rate different aspects of the food including taste, texture and flavor. The scorecards were then analyzed and used to determine whether or not this style of cooking was indeed an acceptable alternative.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2013
File Attachments: capstone portfolio.docx
Authors: Ryan Babcock

Getting Kids to Eat Healthy by the Use of Color

Mon, 12/02/2013 - 08:36
Abstract: Understanding what natural colors of food fourth grade children prefer and by doing this School Food Service Directors can better encourage their students to eat healthier. It’s not completely understood what natural colors children prefer to see in their school lunches. By understanding what natural colors of food that they prefer school Food Service Directors can use this information to encourage students in healthier eating habits in their schools. The purpose of this study is to determine how and to what extent colors and plating designs elements affects the eating habits of children. This quantitative exploratory study will seek to find what natural colors preteen children prefer versus what they currently are taking during school meals. The participants will be Mrs. McCormick’s fourth grade class in the Petrova Elementary School in the Saranac Lake School District. Food Service Directors of schools will be able to use these results to help make their students eat healthier and continue to stay in pace with the Federal School Lunch Program guidelines.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2013
Authors: Tim Pettit Jr

Sous Vide Cooking

Mon, 12/02/2013 - 08:49
Abstract: In the present time, Chefs in restaurants that serve all types of cuisines are looking for different and new ways to manipulate flavors and textures. Some Chefs have found that the sous vide cooking technique is a great way to do just that. Most cuisines are fairly easy to change for the better, but Italian is more difficult since the dishes are typically the same in every Italian restaurant. The purpose of this qualitative, exploratory study is to determine how the sous vide cooking technique can be used in high end Italian cuisine to make the flavors superior to traditional ways of cooking. Data will be collected through a taste testing with product evaluation sheets. The evaluations collected will be thoroughly analyzed to determine which way of cooking is preferred by the culinary and baking students, and also the Chefs at Paul Smith’s College. The result of this study will give Chefs that are cooking Italian cuisine a new way to manipulate the flavors and textures for the better.
Access: No
Literary Rights: On
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2013
File Attachments: The Author has selected not to publish this complete work.
Authors: Sabrina Tessitore

Local Market Eats

Mon, 12/02/2013 - 09:51
Abstract: The push for local food and knowledge on where food comes from has greatly shaped the restaurant industry. Local products have the potential to provide the restaurant and its community with many benefits. The purpose of this capstone is to discover the easy ability to shape an entire menu with what is available at one’s local market and to see if customer’s appreciate the local food, see more value in the plate knowing the food is local, and asking generally how much they would pay for a tasting plate
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2013
Authors: Joshua J BUchanen

A Study of: Maple

Mon, 12/02/2013 - 14:12
Abstract: Maple is truly an ingredient that stands alone. There are many versatile products in the world; however maple truly has no boundaries. When thinking of maple, one tends to only think of it as a topping. Drizzling on top of pancakes or French toast is one of maples most popular uses. So many more culinary adventures are taking place with maple. It’s almost become old news that not only can maple be used in all sweet inventions. Savory dishes have started to crop up with the presence of maple. Essentially maple has already been used every which way and over again.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2013
Authors: Nathaniel J Tiedemann

Healthy Fast Food Options

Mon, 12/02/2013 - 20:37
Abstract: Fast food started in America in 1912 serving only hamburgers, French fries, and soda in one size. Fast food has now expanded into even more food items; 5 different burgers, endless toppings, and even bigger portions. While there is a health food trend in our midst, fast food restaurants have not been keeping up with this trend. The purpose of this study is to find the consensus on the idea of healthy fast food options. To find this answer a method involving a taste testing of a healthy fast food option will be given. After the tasting a scorecard will be filled out. This research will have potential significance to fast food restaurants and their consumers. Fast food establishments can find ways to change their menu to suit the needs of their customers who consume the most. Consumers will see that there are more options that can be made besides the usual fast food burger. This research will be a descriptive study; it will describe the consensus on the idea of healthy fast food options. The research location will be at Paul Smith’s College.
Access: Yes
Literary Rights: On
Major: Culinary Arts and Service Management
Year: 2013
Authors: Deanna Judson